This statute replaced Law No. 32 of 2004 on Regional Administration. The main differences appear to be detail, with, for example, the statute providing greater detail than its predecessor in terms of the procedures and requirements involved in the establishment of a new region. Interestingly, art 10(1) of the statute refers to the same six heads of power under art 10(3) in Law No. 32 of 2004 as absolute matters of governance (urusan pemerintahan absolut), while the elucidation is clear that, for the sake of expediency, the Minister for the Interior (Menteri Dalam Negeri) invalidates regional regulations (peraturan daerah) deemed incompatible with hierarchically-superior legislative instruments.