This paper addresses and critiques the case for state-level legislative bans on courts citing “Islamic law” or the law of Muslim-majority countries. In particular, the paper reviews the most substantive evidence adduced by the bans’ supporters, in the form of a set of state court cases published by the Center for Security Policy (CSP). Very few of these cases, in fact, show courts actually applying Islamic or foreign law, and in none of these cases would the various forms of proposed legislation have been likely to alter the result. Thus even this report does not suggest a need for the state laws purporting to ban sharīʿa. The paper thus argues that even if these bans are not unconstitutionally discriminatory in their effect, they are ineffective at achieving their claimed purpose.
Ibn Ḥārith al-Khushanī recorded the following case as a ḥikāya, an anonymous report: A Christian appeared before the judge Aslam b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, petitioning to be executed. The anecdote offers insight into the historical role of judges during a period of religious dissent in the Umayyad Caliphate, while the author's narrative voice demonstrates past judicial approaches to rationality, humor, and violent penalization.
This text is part of Maribel Fierro, The Judges of al-Andalus, forthcoming.
The analyzed document is the opinion of Advocate General Wahl, delivered on 30 November 2017 upon a request for a preliminary ruling from Nederlandstalige rechtbank van eerste aanleg Brussel. The ruling is concerned with Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 and its application and validity in relation to the Muslim Feast of Sacrifice. The occasion of the Feast with its accompanying sacrificial rites have raised questions as to the neutrality of Regulation 1099/2009, and whether it constitutes an infringement upon religious freedom.