This fatwa defines joint prayers as prayers conducted jointly and simultaneously between Muslims and non-Muslims in official state and societal events, either with one or several people praying while the others assent, or with everyone praying together according to their own religion. The fatwa also states that assenting (pronouncing 'amen') to a prayer is considered praying.
The fatwa states that such joint prayers are not recognised in Islam and are therefore considered bid'ah (innovation). Specifically, it is forbidden (haram) for Muslims to participate in joint prayers:
- where a leader of each religion takes it in turns to lead the prayer;
- led by a non-Muslim; and
- conducted simultaneously with non-Muslims.
It is permissible (mubah), however, if the leader of the prayer is Muslim or if every person prays in accordance with their own religion.