Contemporary Primary Sources :: 1 Rabīʿ I 1435 / 1 January 2014
Various Scholars of Islamic Law, Posted by Rashid Alvi, Staff Editor, 13 October 2014
This open letter/fatwā to ISIS was signed by many Muslim religious scholars from around the world and circulated widely. This is the English version.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Legislation :: 18 Jumādā I 1424 / 16 July 2003
Governor of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Posted by ACU Research Staff, 10 June 2016
A qanun on khalwat (close proximity) was introduced in Aceh in 2003 after the province was granted the right to apply the precepts of 'syariat' in its regional regulations in 1999 by the Indonesian government. This qanun prohibits unmarried couples from being in close proximity in private to one another. The qanun prescribes caning as punishment for offenders with a maximum of nine strokes, or payment of a monetary penalty as an alternative.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Legislation :: 19 Rajab 1434 / 27 May 2013
Majlis-i Shūrā-yi Islāmī-i Īrān [Iranian Islamic Consultative Council = Parliament], Posted by Marzieh Tofighi Darian, 03 June 2015
The new Islamic Penal Code of Iran was adopted in May 2013 and entered into force the same year in the Islamic Consultative Assembly. It consists of four books: General Provisions, Ḥudūd, Qiṣāṣ, and Diyāt.
Expert Analysis :: Commentary :: 16 Shaʿbān 1436 / 2 June 2015
Akhila Kolisetty, Posted by SHARIAsource Staff, 04 September 2015
The landmark Shah Bano case brought to the fore tensions between communal politics and Muslim women's economic rights in India.
Expert Analysis :: Commentary :: 13 Jumādā I 1436 / 2 March 2015
Intisar Rabb and Marzieh Tofighi Darian, Posted by SHARIAsource Staff, 03 June 2015
This commentary seeks to analyze changes made to the juvenile crimes and punishment under Iran's new Islamic Penal Code.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Constitutions :: 1399 / 1979
Marzieh Tofighi Darian
The latest Constitution of Iran which entered into force in 1979 and contains 177 articles].
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Legislation :: 1411 / 1991
Islamic Consultative Assembly (Parliament), Posted by Marzieh Tofighi Darian, 02 July 2018
The Islamic Penal Code of Iran, originally supposed to be a provisional code, was in effect from 1991 till 2013 after being extended several times
Other Legal Documents :: 15 Muḥarram 1431 / 30 December 2009
The first draft articles on the Islamic Penal Code adopted in Parliament after receiving and debating the Judiciary’s draft.
Other Legal Documents :: 3 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1432 / 29 October 2011
The second set of draft articles on the new Islamic Penal Code adopted in Parliament, after modifying the first draft in response to the Guardian Council’s objections.
Other Legal Documents :: 5 Ṣafar 1431 / 19 January 2010
Iran's Guardian Council, Posted by Marzieh Tofighi Darian, 02 July 2018
The first round of objections raised by the Guardian Council with regard to Parliament’s 2009 adoption of the first draft of the Islamic Penal Code.
Other Legal Documents :: 9 Ṣafar 1433 / 2 January 2012
Islamic Consultative Assembly (Parliament), Posted by Marzieh Tofighi Darian, 09 August 2018
The third set of Islamic Penal Code draft articles adopted in the Iran's Parliament. This draft code at some point became law after Guardian Council’s initial approval. But later the Council revoked its approval and the code lost its authority.
Other Legal Documents :: 25 Ṣafar 1434 / 7 January 2013
The fourth time Iran's Parliament modified the Islamic Penal Code following the Guardian Council’s objections.
Other Legal Documents :: 27 Jumādā I 1434 / 6 April 2013
The fifth time Iran's Parliament modified the Islamic Penal Code following the Guardian Council’s objections.
Other Legal Documents :: 25 Ṣafar 1433 / 18 January 2012
Iran's Guardian Council, Posted by Marzieh Tofighi Darian, 09 August 2018
Guardian Council approves of the Iran's Parliament’s Islamic Penal Code of 01.02.2012.
Other Legal Documents :: 1 Dhū al-Qaʿda 1433 / 16 September 2012
The Guardian Council revokes its prior approval of the Islamic Penal Code adopted by Iran's Parliament and raises another set of objections.
Other Legal Documents :: 17 Rabīʿ I 1434 / 28 January 2013
Guardian Council raises objections as to Parliament’s Islamic Penal Code draft articles of 01.07.2013.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Legislation :: 1406 / 1986
Akhila Kolisetty, Student Editor
The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act was passed by India's Parliament in 1986, allegedly to protect the economic rights of Muslim women upon divorce. The Act, however, has been controversial as it essentially overrode the Shah Bano judgment and limited the maintenance Muslim women could receive after divorce to the iddat period (a three month period).
Expert Analysis :: Commentary :: 6 Rajab 1436 / 23 April 2015
Akhila Kolisetty, Posted by SHARIAsource Staff, 02 June 2015
The Danial Latifi illustrates the impact of communal tensions on the Supreme Court’s decision-making process, and the careful lines it attempts to draw in order to promote Muslim women’s gender equity while also limiting its intervention into Islamic personal law to avoid potential backlash.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Constitutions :: 1368 / 1949
The Constitution of India does not refer to Islamic law, and is largely secular. However, Art. 44 does refer to a uniform civil code.
Contemporary Primary Sources :: Court Cases :: 19 Rabīʿ II 1436 / 9 February 2015
The Indian Supreme Court here held that polygamy was not an ‘integral’ part of the Muslim religion and could therefore be regulated by the state.
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