Historical Primary Sources :: 1154 / 1742
James Baldwin, Posted by James Baldwin, Editor, 20 July 2017
A petition sent to the Ottoman Sultan from Egypt in 1155 AH (1742-3), concerning a dispute between a Muslim and a Christian in the town of Zifta. The Muslim petitioner attempts to enforce the regulation of the Pact of 'Umar that forbids non-Muslims from having houses taller than those of Muslims. Baldwin's commentary on the petition focuses on how the petitioning process relates to the sharīʿa court system in the Ottoman Empire.
Historical Primary Sources :: Legal Treatises (Fiqh) :: 1441 Shaʿbān 1441 / 15 April 2020
Muwaffaq al-Dīn ibn Qudāma, Posted by Omar Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar, Student Editor, 07 August 2020
Al-Mughnī is a commentary on al-Khiraqī's (d.945) Mukhtaṣar, a treatise on Ḥanbalī law. The excerpt in question deals with the question of sharecropping, where ibn Qudāma explain's his madhhab's position and defends it against potential detractors.
Historical Primary Sources :: Fatwās – Historical :: 1441 Shaʿbān 1441 / 15 April 2020
Taqī al-Dīn ibn Taymiyya, Posted by Omar Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar, Student Editor, 07 August 2020
Majmū’ al-fatāwā is a collection of the various fatwās the Ḥanbalī scholar Ibn Taymiyya gave during his lifetime. The two fatwās in this document answer questions regarding the legality of sharecropping. Ibn Taymiyyah provides an extended explanation of his legal school's position, citing both textual and analogical sources.
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