This Country Profile provides a basic overview of the legal history and institutional structures of the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), based on research produced by the Library of Congress. Under Andorra's Constitution, Islamic law (sharīʿa or fiqh) has no legal status.
Andorra is located in Southwestern Europe, and has a rugged, mountainous terrain dissected by narrow valleys throughout. The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Velle. The official language is Catalan, and it is the only country where Catalan is the sole official language. The country’s population in 2016 was approximately 85,660 and is rather unevenly distributed, with almost 90% of the population living in the seven urban areas in the country. Andorra is a predominantly Roman Catholic country.
Constitution & Legal Structure
The political system of Andorra is referred to as a parliamentary co-principality with the President of France and the Catholic Bishop of Urgell serving as the princes. However, their positions are largely honorary and the politics of Andorra take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby the Head of Government (or Prime Minister) is the chief executive. Created under a charter in 988, the present principality was formed in 1278. Andorra became a part of the United Nations and the Council of Europe after its constitution was modernized in 1993 through a referendum. Although not a member of the European Union, the euro is the official currency of Andorra.
Constitutional Status of Islamic Law
Islamic law has no constitutional status in Andorra.
Jurisdiction(s) of Islamic Law
Islamic law has no official jurisdiction of operation in Andorra.
Dominant School of Islamic Law
Andorra has no official school of Islamic law.
Sources of Law for Legal Research
For an extended list of legal resources for this country, see the Library of Congress’s Research Guide, and for a narrative review, see the GlobaLex Foreign Law Research Guide (most updated version, where available). The Constitution is available in the LOC Guide in its original language and at Constitute in English translation. For full versions of past constitutions, amendments, and related legislation, see HeinOnline World Constitutions Illustrated or Oxford Constitutions of the World [subscription required for each].